Last Updated: January 5, 2002
Seminar Announcement: Terrorism Utilizing Weapons of Mass Destruction

1/5/02 - On February 17-19, 2002, internationally recognized bomb security expert Craig Gundry will be teaching a three-day program of seminars on security prevention and response to explosive, chemical, and biological terrorist attacks at the S-2 Safety and Intelligence Institute in Clearwater, Florida.

Click "HERE" for more information.

Security Management Reviews Bomb Countermeasures CD-ROM, Version 2.0!

12/10/01 - The praise we have received since the release of the Bomb Countermeasures for Security Professionals (BCSP) CD-ROM, Version 2.0, has been incredible. In the December issue of Security Management, ASIS has joined the list of organizations that has given BCSP V2.0 a big thumbs up. To read some of the new reviews of BCSP V2.0, click the following links:

Security Management (December 2001)

Law Enforcement Trainer (November 2001)

Journal of Counterterrorism & Security Intl (December 2001)

S.W.A.T. Magazine (September 2001)

We have also received a considerable amount of feedback from users of the new program. To read some of the numerous comments we have received since the July release of Version 2.0, click "HERE."

The Bomb Countermeasures for Security Professionals CD-ROM, Version 2.0 is now shipping!

7/23/01 - The long-awaited Version 2.0 edition of the Bomb Countermeasures for Security Profssionals (BCSP) CD-ROM is now available for immediate shipment. BCSP Version 2.0 includes a number of improvements and expanded features, including revised information, new interactive learning tools, lesson review quizzes, comprehensive tests, classroom presentation modules, an enhanced reference section, and more. For more information about BCSP Version 2.0, click "Here."

New BCSP Version 2.0 Demos are now online

7/23/01 - We have uploaded four new demo modules extracted from the Bomb Countermeasures for Security Profssionals (BCSP) CD-ROM, Version 2.0. These self-contained, multimedia learning modules include all of Lesson One (Introduction to the Threat) and a Mail Screening Procedures module (extracted from Lesson Six: Defense Against Mail Bombs).

Click "here" to download the BCSP Version 2.0 demo modules.


EA 1356

Agent Type: CHEMICAL
Code or Symbol: EA 1356
CAS#: 85473-32-1
Threat Classification: CD
U.S. Status: Previously weaponized or produced in quantity
Synonyms: Not reported
Chemical Name: 2-Methylcyclohexyl Methylphosphonofluoridate
Chemical Formula: C8 H16 F 02 P

Physiological Effects

Category/Effects: Lethal - Nerve Agent, Organophosphate


Effect Quantity Units Route Animal
LD50 170-230 Mg/Man Percutaneous Man
LCT50 70-100 Mg-Man/m3 Inhalation Man

Symptoms: Apnea, Coma, Confusion, Cramps, Death, Dyspnea, Headache, hyperhidrosis, Incontinence, Jerkiness, Miosis, Nausea, Seizures, Sialism, Somnolence, Staggering, Twitching, Vomiting
Rate of Action: Rapid - death within 15 minutes of lethal dose
Routes of Absorption: Ingestion, Inhalation, Intramuscular, Percutaneous, Subcutaneous,
Duration of Effect: Hours to weeks
Skin and Eye Toxicity: Very high


Protection: Mask and Protective Clothing
Decontamination: Supertropical Bleach, DS2 Solution, Decontamination Kit (Personal), M258A1 Kit, Flush eyes with water, Sodium carbonate solution, Household bleach
Detection: M8/M9 Paper; M8/M8A1 Alarm; M15A2; M18A2; M256A1 Kit

Physical Characteristics and Weaponization

See the EA 1356 record in the CABO Database system for information regarding density, disseminated forms, production purity, melting point, boiling point, molecular weight, aerosol stability/decay rate, half life in storage, vapor pressure, volatility, adjuvants, precursors, use, odor, disseminated modes, and all known munitions, countries, incidents, and facilities associated with this agent.


• BCSP CD-ROM Version 2.0 Demo Modules
Palladium Media Group, Inc.

Downloadable software demonstrations extracted from Version 2.0 of the Bomb Countermeasures for Security Professionals CD-ROM. Includes all of Lesson One (Introduction to the Threat) and a mail screening training module extracted from Lesson Six.

BCSP Version 2.0 Instructor's Guide
Palladium Media Group, Inc.

Online guide to assist instructors in maximizing the value of the BCSP CD-ROM for their specific training applications.

Evacuation Distance Charts

A new page displaying evacuation distances recommended by IABTI and TSWG.

• 2000 Annual Report
Australian Bomb Data Centre, AFP

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In addition to its power as a weapon, bombs offer terrorists a number of advantages over other types of weapons and forms of attack. In a presentation at the Eighth International Conference on Terrorist Devices and Methods, Australian Brigadier General M. H. MacKenzie-Orr described six reasons why terrorists often prefer bombing over other methods of attack:

a. A spectacular bomb is almost guaranteed to grab world headlines and draw attention to the group or groups claiming responsibility.

b. The bomb is impersonal.

c. It separates the bomber from the scene of his attack.

d. A bomb contains within itself the seeds of destruction of the forensic evidence [a very false assumption] which is normally of great assistance in solving a crime.

e. Components from which bombs can be made are readily available in any reasonably developed country.

f. The construction of a bomb is a relatively simple matter.

On this last point, MacKenzie-Orr elaborates: "From my experience in Northern Ireland, it is quite clear that any self-respecting ten-year-old boy could give you a fairly adequate description and construct an effective simple bomb. Somebody with a degree of technical training can produce a hideously complex IED—one difficult to detect and render safe. These factors combine to make the bomb the most difficult weapon in the terrorist armoury which we have to encounter."

These factors have all contributed to the bomb's status as the number one method of terrorist attack worldwide.

Source: Bomb Countermeasures for Security Professionals, v2.0 (Lesson 1)